The census of 1989 recorded 3.6 million people in the
republic, with 96% of the population ethnic Armenian, the other 4%
divided between Russians, Jews, Greeks, Assyrians, Molokons, Yesdis, Udz
The capital of Armenia, Yerevan, is one of the world's
oldest cities. It was founded in 783 BC, several years before the
founding of ancient Rome, by king Argishti the First as Erebuni, the
military and administrative center of the state of Urartu.