There is great variety in the climate, largely
determined by altitude. It is mild year-round in the mountain valleys;
Humid Subtropical Climate in coastal and Rain Forests in lowlands. The
Pacific coastal area has a tropical climate, with a severe rainy season.
Ecuador's official language is Spanish, but
Quichua, an Inca language, is spoken by the Indian population. Besides
Spanish, ten native languages are spoken in Ecuador.
US Dollar was
accepted as the national currency of Ecuador on January, 2000, thereby
replacing Sucre, the initial Ecuador Currency. It was nationally adopted
in Ecuador from September, 2000.
90 percent of the population of Ecuador is composed of Native Americans
and mestizos (persons of mixed Native American and European ancestry);
the remainder is equally divided between Europeans (chiefly of Spanish
descent) and blacks. The population is about 54 percent urban and 46
de Quito, most often called Quito is the capital city of Ecuador
in northwestern South America.