Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and
dry seasons. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation
and show little seasonal change. The Pacific lowlands
are uniformly hot; the central plateau and mountain
areas are more moderate.
is the main and official language of El Salvador. The
local Spanish vernacular is called Caliche. Nahuat is
the indigenous language that has survived, though it is
only used by small communities of elderly Salvadorans in
western El Salvador.
The Salvadorian colon (SVC) is divided
into 100 centavos. While colones are still accepted, the
primary currency of El Salvador is the U.S.
The population of El Salvador in 2003
was estimated by the United Nations at 6, 515, 000, which
placed it as number 97 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 5% of
the population was over 65 years of age, with another
36% of the population under 15 years of age.
The City of San Salvador is the capital
and largest city of El Salvador. Its
complete name is La Ciudad de Gran San Salvador.