El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry
seasons. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation and show little
seasonal change. The Pacific lowlands are uniformly hot; the central
plateau and mountain areas are more moderate.
Spanish is the main and official language of El Salvador. The local
Spanish vernacular is called Caliche. Nahuat is the indigenous language
that has survived, though it is only used by small communities of
elderly Salvadorans in western El Salvador.
colon (SVC) is divided into 100 centavos. While colones are still
accepted, the primary currency of El Salvador is the U.S.
The population of El
Salvador in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 6, 515, 000,
which placed it as number 97 in population among the 193 nations of the
world. In that year approximately 5% of the population was over 65 years
of age, with another 36% of the population under 15 years of age.
The City of San
Salvador is the capital and largest city of El Salvador. Its
complete name is La Ciudad de Gran San Salvador.