El Salvador has a tropical
climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. Temperatures vary primarily
with elevation and show little seasonal change. The Pacific lowlands are
uniformly hot; the central plateau and mountain areas are more moderate.
Spanish is the main and
official language of El Salvador. The local Spanish vernacular is called
Caliche. Nahuat is the indigenous language that has survived, though it
is only used by small communities of elderly Salvadorans in western El
The Salvadorian colon (SVC) is divided into 100 centavos. While colones
are still accepted, the primary currency of El Salvador is the U.S.
population of El Salvador in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at
6, 515, 000, which placed it as number 97 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 5% of the population
was over 65 years of age, with another 36% of the population under 15
years of age.
The City of San Salvador is the capital and largest city of El Salvador.
complete name is La Ciudad de Gran San Salvador.