predominant climate type is tropical monsoon, with wide
topographic-induced variation. The Ethiopian Highlands
which cover most of the country have a climate which is
generally considerably cooler than other regions at
similar proximity to the Equator.
has forty-eight indigenous languages. English is the
most widely spoken foreign language and is the medium of
instruction in secondary schools.
The Birr, denoted by ETB, is the unit of
currency used in Ethiopia. The first currency of
Ethiopia was introduced in 1894 and was known as the "Menelik
talers." In 1934, the occupying Italian forces made the
Italian lire the legal currency in Ethiopia untiltheir
expulsion in 1942.
Ethiopia's population was estimated at
51.7 million in 1990. According to the nation's only
census, conducted in 1984, Ethiopia's population was
about 42 million.
Addis Ababa is the capital city of
Ethiopia. It is the largest city in Ethiopia, with a
population of 3, 384, 569 according to the 2007 population