Finland has a
humid and cool semi continental climate, characterized by warm
summers and freezing winters. The climate type in southern
Finland is north temperate climate. Winters of southern Finland
are usually 4 months long, and the snow typically covers the
land from middle of December to early April.
Swedish are the ”national” languages of Finland, with mostly
equal status in the jurisdiction, although Finnish dominates in
most parts of the country. The ”other domestic language” is
studied in the compulsory education and bilinguality is quite
common in the bilingual parts of the country.
Finland's currency is the Euro (EUR), made up of
100 cents. Banknotes come in denominations of 500, 200, 100, 50,
20, 10 and 5 euros, and coins in denominations of 1 and 2 euros,
and 50, 20, 10, and 5 cents.
The population of
Finland was estimated in July of 2000 as 5,167,486. The
population growth rate is a very small 0.17 percent and
generally has been small. Finland has a high proportion of
elderly: only 18 percent of the population are under 14 years of
age and 15 percent are over 65.
Helsinki ( listen
(help·info); Swedish: Helsingfors, listen (help·info)) is the
capital and largest city in Finland. It is in the region of
Uusimaa, located in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf