is cold, but not as cold as might be expected because of
the passing warm waters of the Gulf Stream, which
regulate the climate. The summer temperatures in
Reykjavík range from 41°F at night to as high as 77°F
during the day.
is one of the Nordic languages, which are a subgroup of
the Germanic languages. Germanic languages are
traditionally divided into North Germanic, i.e. the
Nordic languages, West Germanic, i.e. High and Low
German including Dutch-Flemish, English and Frisian, and
East Germanic, i.e. Gothic, which is now dead.
The króna, or in plural form krónur , is
the official currency used in Iceland. Often denoted by
ISK, the name króna means "crown" - a meaning analogous
to the name of several other Nordic currencies.
The population of Iceland was estimated
as 276,365 in July of 2000, with a slow growth rate of
0.57 percent. Iceland is the most sparsely populated
country in Europe, with an average of 3 inhabitants per
Reykjavík is the capital and largest
city of Iceland. Its latitude at 64°08' N makes it the
world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state.