is hot and humid all year round, but cooler inland than
along the coastal regions. The monsoon from December to
March brings the heavy rains. The dry season, from April
to October, is the best time to visit as some activities
and road travel can be difficult during the rainy
Language:||Indonesian is the official language of Indonesia.
Indonesian is a normative form of the Riau Islands
dialect of Malay, an Austronesian language which has
been used as a lingua franca in the Indonesian
archipelago for centuries.
|Currency:||The name for the Indonesia Rupiah was
adopted from the Indian form of currency, the Rupee.
Prior to the Rupiah, Indonesia used the Dutch guilder
from 1610 to 1817, when the Dutch East Indies guilder
was introduced. The Rupiah was first introduced during
the World War II Japanese occupation.
|Population:||The population of Indonesia in 2003 was
estimated by the United Nations at 219, 883, 000, which
placed it as the fourth most populous country among the
193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 5%
of the population was over 65 years of age, with another
31% of the population under 15 years of age.
|Capital City:||Jakarta is the capital and largest
city of Indonesia. Located on the northwest coast of
Java, it has an area of 661 square kilometres (255 sq
mi) and a 2010 census count population of 9, 580, 000.