Indonesia is hot and humid all year round, but cooler inland than
along the coastal regions. The monsoon from December to March brings the
heavy rains. The dry season, from April to October, is the best time to
visit as some activities and road travel can be difficult during the
Indonesian is the official language of Indonesia. Indonesian is a
normative form of the Riau Islands dialect of Malay, an Austronesian
language which has been used as a lingua franca in the Indonesian
archipelago for centuries.
The name for the
Indonesia Rupiah was adopted from the Indian form of currency, the
Rupee. Prior to the Rupiah, Indonesia used the Dutch guilder from 1610
to 1817, when the Dutch East Indies guilder was introduced. The Rupiah
was first introduced during the World War II Japanese occupation.
of Indonesia in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 219, 883,
000, which placed it as the fourth most populous country among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 5% of the population
was over 65 years of age, with another 31% of the population under 15
years of age.
the capital and largest city of Indonesia. Located on the northwest
coast of Java, it has an area of 661 square kilometres (255 sq mi) and a
2010 census count population of 9, 580, 000.