Much of the region is typified by an extreme continental climate hot
in the summer, bitterly cold in the winter. Despite this, much of the
region is fertile and has historically exported grain and livestock.
Precipitation varies between 200 and 400 mm a year in the plains, and
between 700 and 3, 000 mm a year on the high plateaux between mountain
Kurdish is a dialect continuum spoken by the Kurds in western Asia.
Genealogically, it is part of the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian
group of the Indo-European languages. It has between 16 and 35 million
This 1995 250
Dinar note picturing Saddam Hussein was issued after Saddam's defeat in
the First Gulf War. Inflation was taking a serious toll on Iraq, so this
new, higher denomination was needed. At the time it was issued, it was
the higherst denomination in circulation. It had an official exchange
rate of over $750, however on the street it would buy only a few dollars
worth of goods.
population of the Republic of Azerbaijan is estimated to be about
13.000, although some sources suggest numbers as large as 200.000.
Arbil is the fourth
largest city in Iraq after Baghdad, Basra and Mosul.The city lies eighty
kilometres (fifty miles) east of Mosul, and is the capital of Iraqi