climate varies regionally. The south-western Fergana
Valley is subtropical and extremely hot in summer, with
temperatures reaching 40 C. The northern foothills are
temperate and the Tian Shan varies from dry continental
to polar climate, depending on elevation. In the coldest
areas temperatures are sub-zero for around 40 days in
winter, and even some desert areas experience constant
snowfall in this period.
Language:||Kyrgyzstan is one of the two former Soviet republics in
Central Asia to retain Russian as an official language.
It added the Kyrgyz language to become an officially
bilingual country in September 1991. This bilingualism
was intended to signal to the ethnic Russians that they
were welcome in the new independent state, in an effort
to avoid a brain drain.
|Currency:||Kyrgyz Som (KGS; symbol лв) = 100 tyin.
Notes are in denominations of лв1, 000, 500, 200, 100,
50, 20, 10, 5 and 1, and 50, 10 and 1 tyin.
|Population:||The population of Kyrgyzstan in 2003 was
estimated by the United Nations at 5, 138, 000, which
placed it as number 109 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 6% of
the population was over 65 years of age, with another
35% of the population under 15 years of age.
|Capital City:||Bishkek is the capital and the largest
city of Kyrgyzstan. Bishkek is also the administrative
centre of Chuy Province which surrounds the city, even
though the city itself is not part of the province but
rather a province-level unit of Kyrgyzstan.
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