Because of its altitude, Lesotho remains cooler throughout the year
than other regions at the same latitude. Most of the rain falls as
summer thunderstorms. Maseru and surrounding lowlands often reach 30 C
(86 F) in summer.
The official Lesotho language is English. The other languages of
Lesotho are Sesotho, Xhosa and Zulu. Sesotho is also an official
language of the country besides English. This language belongs to the
Sotho language group. Numerous affixes are used in Sesotho language.
This language has its origin in Niger-Congo language family.
The Loti, denoted
by LSL, is the official currency of the Kingdom of Lesotho in Africa.
The Loti (plural "maloti") is subdivided into 100 lisente (singular
"sente"). The LSL is pegged to the South African Rand on a 1:1 basis and
both currencies are considered legal tender within Lesotho.
of Lesotho in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 1, 802, 000,
which placed it as number 143 in population among the 193 nations of the
world. In that year approximately 5% of the population was over 65 years
of age, with another 40% of the population under 15 years of age.
Maseru is the
capital of Lesotho. It is also the capital of the Maseru District.
Located on the Caledon River, bordering South Africa, Maseru is
Lesotho's only sizable city, with a population of approximately 227, 880