Liechtenstein has a temperate, alpine climate, with warm, wet summers and
mild winters. Average temperatures range from -1 C in January to 21 C in
July. The average annual precipitation is about 1, 000 mm, and is quite
evenly distributed over the entire year. The climate is often modified
by a warm, dry southerly wind.
The official language of
Liechtenstein is German. The local German dialect is Alemannic, which is
at times mistaken as a language. It belongs to a highly divergent group
including Swiss German, Alsatian, and some Germans living in Baden-W
rttemberg and Bavarian Swabia and Austrians living in Vorarlberg.
The Swiss Frank has been the currency of Liechtenstein since 1920. The
Swiss franc is legal tender since Liechtenstein is in a customs and
monetary union with Switzerland. The 1980 treaty between Switzerland and
Liechtenstein allows Liechtenstein to mint Swiss franc coins, but not to
population of Liechtenstein was estimated at 32, 207 in July of 2000; in
1998, it was 31, 717. Although quite mountainous, Liechtenstein is
densely populated, with an overall density of 198 persons per square
kilometer (513 per square mile).
Vaduz is the capital of the principality of Liechtenstein and the seat
of the national parliament.