Macedonia has a
transitional climate from Mediterranean to continental. The summers are
hot and dry and the winters are moderately cold. Average annual
precipitation varies from 1, 700 mm in the western mountainous area to
500 mm in the eastern area.
The official and most
widely spoken language is Macedonian, which belongs to the Eastern
branch of the South Slavic language group. Macedonian is closely related
to and mutually intelligible with Standard Bulgarian.
The Macedonian denar (MKD), split into 100 Deni, is the official
currency of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The denar was
introduced on April 26, 1992.
Macedonia's population was estimated at 2, 066, 720 in 2009. Around
two-thirds of the people are Macedonian and about a quarter are
Skopje is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia with
about a third of the total population. It is the country's political,
cultural, economic, and academic centre. It was known in the Roman
period under the name Scupi.