The climate is tropical as in the Caribbean islands but
Martinique is divided into two different areas. South is dry and north
is greener with rain forest and mountains. The weather is hot and sunny
with as colder and rainier season from June to September.
French is the official language but islanders often use the
local Cr ole among themselves. English is typically spoken only in the
larger hotels and tourist areas.
The franc was
the currency of Martinique until 2002. It was subdivided into 100
centimes. The French franc circulated, alongside banknotes issued
specifically for Martinique between 1855 and 1961 and notes issued for
Martinique, French Guiana and Guadeloupe (collectively referred to as
the French Antilles) between 1961 and 1975.
estimated population of Martinique is today of 436.000 inhabitants, for
an average density of 228 inhabitants by Km (in 2006). Composed
primarily of blacks or half-caste (nearly 80 %), originating from
Africa, coming from the guinean coasts for the needs of the sugar cane
culture during the XVIIth and XVIIIth century.
is the capital of France's Caribbean overseas department of
Martinique. It is also one of the major cities in the Caribbean.