The climate is tropical as
in the Caribbean islands but Martinique is divided into two different
areas. South is dry and north is greener with rain forest and mountains.
The weather is hot and sunny with as colder and rainier season from June
French is the official
language but islanders often use the local Cr ole among themselves.
English is typically spoken only in the larger hotels and tourist areas.
The franc was the currency of Martinique until 2002. It was subdivided
into 100 centimes. The French franc circulated, alongside banknotes
issued specifically for Martinique between 1855 and 1961 and notes
issued for Martinique, French Guiana and Guadeloupe (collectively
referred to as the French Antilles) between 1961 and 1975.
estimated population of Martinique is today of 436.000 inhabitants, for
an average density of 228 inhabitants by Km (in 2006). Composed
primarily of blacks or half-caste (nearly 80 %), originating from
Africa, coming from the guinean coasts for the needs of the sugar cane
culture during the XVIIth and XVIIIth century.
Fort-de-France is the capital of France's Caribbean overseas department
Martinique. It is also one of the major cities in the Caribbean.