Mongolia is high, cold, and
dry. It has an extreme continental climate with long, cold winters and
short summers, during which most precipitation falls. The country
averages 257 cloudless days a year, and it is usually at the center of a
region of high atmospheric pressure.
The official language of
Mongolia is Khalkha Mongolian, and is spoken by 90% of the population. A
variety of dialects of Oirat and Buryat are spoken across the country,
and there are also some speakers of Mongolic Khamnigan. In the west of
the country, Kazakh and Tuvan, both Turkic languages, are also spoken.
The tugrik (code: MNT) is the official currency of Mongolia. It was
historically subdivided into 100 m ng . Currently the lowest
denomination in regular use is the 10-t gr g note and the highest is the
20, 000-t gr g note. Currency sign is U+20AE ₮.