is high, cold, and dry. It has an extreme continental
climate with long, cold winters and short summers,
during which most precipitation falls. The country
averages 257 cloudless days a year, and it is usually at
the center of a region of high atmospheric pressure.
official language of Mongolia is Khalkha Mongolian, and
is spoken by 90% of the population. A variety of
dialects of Oirat and Buryat are spoken across the
country, and there are also some speakers of Mongolic
Khamnigan. In the west of the country, Kazakh and Tuvan,
both Turkic languages, are also spoken.
The tugrik (code: MNT) is the official
currency of Mongolia. It was historically subdivided
into 100 m ng . Currently the lowest denomination in
regular use is the 10-t gr g note and the highest is the
20, 000-t gr g note. Currency sign is U+20AE ₮.
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