Morocco, Africa, has a
moderate, subtropical climate, cooled by breezes from the Mediterranean
Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Inland, the temperatures can be quite extreme,
getting very hot in the summer and quite cold in the winter.
Morocco's official language
is Modern Standard Arabic. The country's distinctive Arabic dialect is
called Moroccan Arabic. Approximately 80% of the population, speak the
Moroccan dialect (including Berber speakers).
The official currency of Morocco is the Moroccan Dirham, denoted as MAD
or Dh. The Moroccan Dirham is composed of 100 centimes; notes are
available in denominations of (Dh) 200, 100, 50, 20 and 10 and coins are
available in denominations of (Dh) 10, 5, 2 and 1, or 50, 20, 10 and 5
The population of Morocco, including Western Sahara, was
estimated by the United Nations at 30, 566, 000 in 2003, which placed it as
number 37 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year
approximately 5% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 32% of
the population under 15 years of age.
Rabat is the capital and third largest city of the Kingdom of
Morocco with a population of approximately 650, 000 (2010). It is also the
capital of the Rabat-Sal -Zemmour-Zaer region.