Oman has a hot climate and
very little rainfall. Annual rainfall in Muscat averages 100 mm (3.9
in), falling mostly in January. Dhofar is subject to the southwest
monsoon, and rainfall up to 640 mm (25.2 in) has been recorded in the
rainy season from late June to October.
Language: Arabic is the
official language of Oman, and English and Asian languages such as
Hindi, Urdu, and Baluchi are also widely spoken. Swahili is spoken by
some, a legacy of Oman's former East African presence. English is widely
used in business.
The Omani Rial, denoted by OMR, is the official currency of Oman. One
Rial is subdivided into 1000 Baiza. In January 2005, one Rial equaled
2.59067 US Dollars, making it the fourth highest valued currency.
population of Oman in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 2,
851, 000, which placed it as number 134 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 2% of the population
was over 65 years of age, with another 35% of the population under 15
years of age.
Muscat is the capital of Oman. It is also the seat of government and
largest city in the Governorate of Muscat. As of 2008, the population of
the Muscat metropolitan area was 1, 090, 797.