The climate of Peru is very
diverse, with a large variety of climates and microclimates, including
28 of the 32 world climates. Such a diversity is chiefly conditioned by
the presence of the Andes mountains and the cold Humboldt Current.
Peru language comprises of
the official language and also the languages that are spoken by the
people belonging to several areas of this country.
Peru is such a country in South America, that is really interesting in
regard of its diverse natural beauty, several races, variegated cultures
and also the several languages. Spanish is the main official language of
Peru. Two other most prominent languages of this country are, Aymara and
Peru's currency, the sol, denoted by the ISO code PEN, derives its name
from historical use and worship of the sun (sol is Spanish for "sun"),
which symbolizes power to the Peruvians.
The population of Peru in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at
27, 167, 000, which placed it as number 38 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 5% of the population
was over 65 years of age, with another 34% of the population under 15
years of age.
Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru. It is located in the
valleys of the Chill n, R mac and Lur n rivers, in the central part of
the country, on a desert coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean.