Puerto Rico enjoys a warm,
tropical climate with temperatures of around 82 F (27 C) throughout the
year. The temperature in the south is usually a few degrees higher than
the north and temperatures in the central interior mountains are always
cooler than the rest of the island.
The official languages are
Spanish and English with Spanish being the primary language. English is
taught as a second language in public and private schools from
elementary levels to high school and at the university level.
Since Puerto Rico is part of the United States, the island's currency is
the U.S. dollar.
The 3.966 million people that inhabit the island of Puerto Rico make it
one of the most densely populated islands in the world. There are about
1, 000 people per square mile, a ratio higher than within any of the 50
states in the United States. It is estimated that some 2 million Puerto
Ricans have migrated to the United States.
San Juan, officially Municipio de la Ciudad Capital San Juan Bautista
(Municipality of the Capital City, Saint John the Baptist), is the
capital and most populous municipality in Puerto Rico, an unincorporated
territory of the United States.