Rwanda has a temperate
tropical highland climate, with lower temperatures than is typical for
equatorial countries due to the high altitude. Kigali, in the centre
of the country, has a typical daily temperature range between 12 C and
27 C , with little variation through the year.
Rwanda located in Central
Africa has three official languages and some dialects. The Rwanda
languages spoken by its people distinguish between the refugees and the
The currency in use in Rwanda consists of Rwanda Franc (RWF) which is
divided into 100 centimes. Franc has been in use as the currency of
Rwanda from 1916 after Belgium gained political control. This was
followed by the replacement of German East African Rupie by the Belgian
The population of Rwanda in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at
8, 387, 000, which placed it as number 88 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the population
was over 65 years of age, with another 44% of the population under 15
years of age.
Kigali, population 965, 398 (2009), is the capital and largest city of
Rwanda. It is situated near the geographic centre of the nation, and has
been the economic, cultural, and transport hub of Rwanda since it became
capital at independence in 1962.