The Slovak climate is
generally temperate, with four seasons. Summers are warm with
temperatures in July averaging 21 C, while the coldest month, January,
averages-2 C. Winter brings snowfall, which usually lasts from November
to May in the Tatras. The mountains are colder and wetter than the
lowlands in general, with most rain falling in June and July.
The official language is Slovak, a member of the Slavic language family.
Hungarian is widely spoken in the southern regions and Rusyn is used in some
parts of the Northeast. Minority languages hold co-official status in the
municipalities in which the size of the minority population meets the legal
threshold of 20%.
In 1993, the Czechoslovak federation split in two, forming two new
countries. The currency of the Czechoslovak federation, the Czechoslovak
koruna, also split introducing two new currencies: The Czech koruna and
the Slovak koruna or crown. The Slovak koruna (SKK) is the official
currency used in Slovakia.
The population of Slovakia in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations
at 5, 402, 000, which placed it as number 106 in population among the
193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 11% of the
population was over 65 years of age, with another 19% of the population
under 15 years of age.
Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia and, with a population of about
431, 000, also the country's largest city.