Spread out along the
equator, the Solomon Islands experience a tropical monsoonal climate all
year round. The mean temperature is 27 C and humidity ranges between
70%and 90%. Annual rainfall is high, ranging from 2000 millimetres to
3000 millimetres. Most rain falls between November and April. Cyclones
occur regularly during the summer months.
Pijin is also referred to
as Kanaka and is a language spoken in the Solomon Islands. It is closely
related to Tok Pisin of Papua New Guinea; Bislama of Vanuatu; and Torres
Strait Creole of the Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia and is written
in the Latin alphabet.
The dollar (ISO 4217 code: SBD) is the currency of the Solomon Islands
since 1977. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign "$" or,
alternatively "SI$" to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated
currencies. It is subdivided into 100 cents.
population of Solomon Islands in 2003 was estimated by the United
Nations at 477, 000, which placed it as number 161 in population among
the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the
population was over 65 years of age, with another 43% of the population
under 15 years of age.
Honiara, population 49, 107 (1999 census), 78, 190 (2009 estimate), is
the capital of the Solomon Islands and of Guadalcanal Province, although
it is a separately administered town.