Taiwan's climate is marine
tropical. The northern part of the island has a rainy season that lasts
from January through late March during the northeast monsoon, and
experiences meiyu in May. The entire island experiences hot, humid
weather from June through September. The middle and southern parts of
the island do not have an extended monsoon season during the winter
months. Natural hazards such as typhoons and earthquakes are common in
The official language of
Taiwan is Mandarin Chinese (Guoyu), but because many Taiwanese are of
southern Fujianese descent, Min-nan (the Southern Min dialect, or Holo)
is also widely spoken. The smaller groups of Hakka people and aborigines
have also preserved their own languages.
The Taiwan currency is known by the name of New Taiwan Dollar. The New
Taiwan Dollar can be divided into four sections that fall under the
categories of New Taiwan paper money and New Taiwan coins.
The total population in Taiwan grew to 23.2 million in 2010 from 17.9
million in 1980, a 130 percent increase in just 50 years. Taiwan has
0.34 percent of the world's total population which means that one person
in every 298 people on the planet is a resident of Taiwan.
Taipei City is the capital of the Republic of China (ROC, commonly known
as "Taiwan") and the central city of the largest metropolitan area of