Tanzania has a tropical
climate. In the highlands, temperatures range between (10 and 20 C )
during cold and hot seasons respectively. The rest of the country has
temperatures rarely falling lower than 20 C. The hottest period extends
between November and February (25 31 C ) while the coldest period occurs
between May and August (15 20 C ).
Kiswahili is the official
language, English is used in higher education. However, Swahili is also
very popular in Tanzania.
The New The Tanzanian shilling, denoted by TZS, is the official currency
of Tanzania. The currency, which is divided into 100 cents, is also
complemented by widespread use of the United States Dollar.
population of Tanzania in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at
36, 977, 000, which placed it as number 32 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the population
was over 65 years of age, with another 45% of the population under 15
years of age.
Dodoma is the national capital of Tanzania, and the capital of the
Dodoma region.In 1973, plans were made to move the capital to Dodoma.
Tanzania's National Assembly moved there in February 1996, but many
government offices remain in the previous national capital, Dar es
Salaam, which remains the commercial capital.