a tropical climate with only two seasons, summer and
winter. Most rain falls around February and April. The
tropical cyclone season lasts from November to April.
(lea fakatonga) is an Austronesian language spoken in
Tonga. It has around 200, 000 speakers and is a national
language of Tonga. It is a VSO (Verb-Subject-Object)
The pa'anga, denoted by the ISO code
TOP, is the official currency of the Kingdom of
Tonga.The pa'anga is not convertible and has a composite
peg to a basket of currencies including: the Australian,
New Zealand, and United States dollars and the Japanese
The population of Tonga in 2003 was
estimated by the United Nations at 104, 000, which placed
it as number 178 in population among the 193 nations of
the world. In that year approximately 4% of the
population was over 65 years of age, with another 41% of
the population under 15 years of age.
Nuku'alofa Town is the capital of Tonga,
sitting on an narrow isthmus facing the Pacific Ocean to
the north, and the turquoise but polluted Fanga'uta
Lagoon to the south.
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