is situated in two climatic zones moderate (the plains
and both the mountain ranges) and Mediterranean
subtropics (the southern shore of Crimea).
is a language of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic
languages. It is the official state language of Ukraine.
Written Ukrainian uses a variant of the Cyrillic
alphabet.The Ukrainian language traces its origins to
the Old East Slavic of the early medieval state of
The hryvnia, code: (UAH), has been the
national currency of Ukraine since September 2, 1996.
The hryvnia is subdivided into 100 kopiyok. In medieval
times, it was a currency of Kievan Rus'.
The total population in Ukraine grew to
45.8 million in 2010 from 42.8 million in 1960, a 107
percent increase in just 50 years. Ukraine has 0.66
percent of the world's total population which means that
one person in every 151 people on the planet is a
resident of Ukraine.
Kiev or Kyiv is the capital and the
largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central
part of the country on the Dnieper River.