The predominant climate
type is tropical monsoon, with wide topographic-induced variation. The
Ethiopian Highlands which cover most of the country have a climate which
is generally considerably cooler than other regions at similar proximity
to the Equator.
Ethiopia has forty-eight
indigenous languages. English is the most widely spoken foreign language
and is the medium of instruction in secondary schools.
The Birr, denoted by ETB, is the unit of currency used in Ethiopia. The
first currency of Ethiopia was introduced in 1894 and was known as the
"Menelik talers." In 1934, the occupying Italian forces made the Italian
lire the legal currency in Ethiopia untiltheir expulsion in 1942.