The predominant climate type is tropical monsoon, with wide
topographic-induced variation. The Ethiopian Highlands which cover most
of the country have a climate which is generally considerably cooler
than other regions at similar proximity to the Equator.
Ethiopia has forty-eight indigenous languages. English is the most
widely spoken foreign language and is the medium of instruction in
The Birr, denoted
by ETB, is the unit of currency used in Ethiopia. The first currency of
Ethiopia was introduced in 1894 and was known as the "Menelik talers."
In 1934, the occupying Italian forces made the Italian lire the legal
currency in Ethiopia untiltheir expulsion in 1942.
Ethiopia's population was
estimated at 51.7 million in 1990. According to the nation's only census,
conducted in 1984, Ethiopia's population was about 42 million.
is the capital city of Ethiopia. It is the largest city in Ethiopia,
with a population of 3, 384, 569 according to the 2007 population