Guatemala's climate is lovely year round and makes travel
possible at any time. The rainy season is generally from May to
November. Climate variations are due to altitude, but it is generally
hot throughout the country.
Although Spanish is the official language, it is not universally
spoken among the indigenous population, nor is it often spoken as a
second language by the elderly indigenous. Twenty-one Mayan languages
are spoken, especially in rural areas, as well two non-Mayan Amerindian
dialects, Xinca, an indigenous dialect, and Garifuna, an Arawakan
dialect spoken on the Caribbean coast. According to Decreto N?ero
19-2003, twenty-three dialects are unrecognized as National Languages.
also denoted by GTQ, is Guatemala's original national currency whose
name stems from the country's official bird, the Quetzal. In ancient
Mayan culture, the bird's feathers were used as currency; thus, today's
currency holds a strong historical and cultural value.
Guatemala is a
country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the
Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean
to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast.
is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Guatemala. It is also
the capital city of the local Guatemala Department.