Guatemala's climate is lovely year round and makes travel possible at any
time. The rainy season is generally from May to November. Climate
variations are due to altitude, but it is generally hot throughout the
Although Spanish is the
official language, it is not universally spoken among the indigenous
population, nor is it often spoken as a second language by the elderly
indigenous. Twenty-one Mayan languages are spoken, especially in rural
areas, as well two non-Mayan Amerindian dialects, Xinca, an indigenous
dialect, and Garifuna, an Arawakan dialect spoken on the Caribbean
coast. According to Decreto N?ero 19-2003, twenty-three dialects are
unrecognized as National Languages.
The quetzal, also denoted by GTQ, is Guatemala's original national
currency whose name stems from the country's official bird, the Quetzal.
In ancient Mayan culture, the bird's feathers were used as currency;
thus, today's currency holds a strong historical and cultural value.
Guatemala is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the
north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the
northeast, the Caribbean to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to
Guatemala City is the capital and largest city of the Republic of
Guatemala. It is also the capital city of the local Guatemala