The climate is
equatorial/monsoonal, with an average annual temperature of 26.5 C, and
a rainy season from November to April. Savai'i is the largest of the
Samoan islands and the sixth largest Polynesian island after New
Zealand's North, South and Stewart Islands and the Hawaiian islands of
Hawaiʻi and Maui. The population of Savai'i is 42, 000 people.
Samoan is the language of
the Samoan Islands, comprising the independent country of Samoa and the
United States territory of American Samoa. It is an official language
alongside English in both jurisdictions.
The Samoan currency is the Samoan Tala (roughly ST$100 = US$30) and
since 1999 it is forbidden to use foreign currency in shops although
some companies still quote in US$. American Samoa uses the US$
The population of Samoa in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at
177, 000, which placed it as number 173 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 5% of the population
was over 65 years of age, with another 41% of the population under 15
years of age.
Apia is the capital and the largest city of Samoa. The city is located
on the central north coast of Upolu, Samoa's second largest island. Apia
is the only 'city' in Samoa and falls within the political district
(itūmālō) of Tuamasaga.