the Syria Photo Gallery Syria's climate is largely
affected by the desert, with hot, sunny summers (June to
August) and cold winters (December to February). Winters
are milder along the coast, but wet, and humidity is
higher in summer.
the official language and Syrian Arabic is most widely
spoken. Kurdish (in its Kurmanji form) is widely spoken
in the Kurdish regions of Syria. Many educated Syrians
also speak English and French. Armenian and Turkish
(South Azeri dialect) are spoken among the Armenian and
The Syrian pound is the official
currency used in Syria. Pound is translated in Arabic as
lira. One pound can be divided into 100 piastres.
Originally part of the Ottoman Empire, Syria's official
currency was the Turkish lira.
The population of Syria in 2003 was
estimated by the United Nations at 17, 800, 000, which
placed it as number 55 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of
the population was over 65 years of age, with another
41% of the population under 15 years of age.
Damascus is the capital and the second
largest city of Syria and one of the country's 14