Browse the Syria Photo
Gallery Syria's climate is largely affected by the desert, with hot,
sunny summers (June to August) and cold winters (December to February).
Winters are milder along the coast, but wet, and humidity is higher in
Arabic is the official
language and Syrian Arabic is most widely spoken. Kurdish (in its
Kurmanji form) is widely spoken in the Kurdish regions of Syria. Many
educated Syrians also speak English and French. Armenian and Turkish
(South Azeri dialect) are spoken among the Armenian and Turkmen
The Syrian pound is the official currency used in Syria. Pound is
translated in Arabic as lira. One pound can be divided into 100
piastres. Originally part of the Ottoman Empire, Syria's official
currency was the Turkish lira.
The population of Syria in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at
17, 800, 000, which placed it as number 55 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the population
was over 65 years of age, with another 41% of the population under 15
years of age.
Damascus is the capital and the second largest city of Syria and one of
the country's 14 governorates.