Although Uganda is on the equator, its climate is warm rather than hot, and temperatures vary little throughout the year. Most of the territory receives an annual rainfall of at least 100 cm. At Entebbe, mean annual rainfall is 162 cm; in the northeast, it is only 69 cm. Temperature generally varies by altitude; on Lake Albert, the mean annual maximum is 29 C and the mean annual minimum 22 C. At Kabale in the southwest, 1, 250 m higher, the mean annual maximum is 23 C, and the mean annual minimum 10 C. At Kampala, these extremes are 27 C and 17 C.
The official languages are English and Swahili, although multiple other languages are spoken in the country.
The Shilling (sign: USh; code: UGX) is the currency of Uganda. Technically, the shilling is subdivided into 100 cents but no subdivisions have been issued since the revaluation of the shilling in 1987.
The population of Uganda in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 25, 827, 000, which placed it as number 40 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 2% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 51% of the population under 15 years of age.
Kampala is the largest city and capital of Uganda. The city is divided into five boroughs that oversee local planning: Kampala Central, Kawempe Division, Makindye Division, Nakawa Division and Lubaga Division. The city is coterminous with Kampala District.