Uzbekistan's climate is classified as continental, with
hot summers and cool winters. Summer temperatures often
surpass 40 C; winter temperatures average about -23 C,
but may fall as low as -40 C. Most of the country also
is quite arid, with average annual rainfall amounting to
between 100 and 200 millimeters and occurring mostly in
winter and spring.
language is the only official state language. The Tajik
language is widespread in the cities of Bukhara and
Samarkand because of their relatively large population
of ethnic Tajiks.Russian is an important language for
interethnic communication, especially in the cities,
including much day-to-day technical, scientific,
governmental and business use.
som, denoted by the ISO code UZS, is the official
currency of Uzbekistan. Meaning "pure" in many Turkic
languages, "som" implies pure gold. The Uzbek som is
equal to 100 tiyn. Notes are in denominations of Som
1000, 500, 200, 100, 50, 25, 10, 5, 3 and 1 - and coins
come in denominations of 50, 20, 10, 5, 3 and 1 tiyn.
The population of Uzbekistan in 2003 was
estimated by the United Nations at 26, 093, 000, which
placed it as number 39 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 4% of
the population was over 65 years of age, with another
38% of the population under 15 years of age.
Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan
and of the Tashkent Province.