a Subtropical-Mediterranean climate (K ppen climate
classification Csa),  with mild winters and warm
to hot summers. Rain occurs mainly in winter, with
summer being generally dry.
Maltese language (Maltese: Malti) is the constitutional
national language of Malta. The Constitution also
enshrines it as the country's official language,
alongside English. Italian was the official language of
Malta until 1934, when English and Maltese replaced it.
The lira was the currency of Malta from
1972 until 31 December 2007. The lira was abbreviated as
Lm, although the traditional ₤ sign was often used
locally. In English, the Maltese currency was sometimes
referred to as the pound.
The population of Malta in 2003 was
estimated by the United Nations at 394, 000, which placed
it as number 165 in population among the 193 nations of
the world. In that year approximately 12% of the
population was over 65 years of age, with another 20% of
the population under 15 years of age.
Valletta is the capital of Malta,
colloquially known as Il-Belt (English: The City) in
Maltese. It is located in the central-eastern portion of
the island of Malta and the historical city has a
population of 6, 098.
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