Except for the south western province of Asir, Saudi Arabia has a
desert climate with extremely high day-time temperatures and a sharp
temperature drop at night. Average summer temperatures are around 45 C,
but can be as high as 54 C. In the winter the temperature rarely drops
below 0 C. In the spring and autumn the heat is temperate, temperatures
average around 29 C. Annual rainfall is extremely low.
Saudi Arabia language refers to the main languages, which are spoken
by the natives of Saudi Arabia. The most popular and widely spoken Saudi
Arabia language is Arabic; it is also the official language of the
country. English is also widely spoken by the Saudi Arabian people,
mainly among the business groups. English is a compulsory second
language in all Saudi Arabian schools.
The Riyal, ( ISO 4217 code: SAR) is the currency of Saudi Arabia. It
is abbreviated as ر.س or SR (Saudi Riyal). It is subdivided into 100
Halalas (Arabic: هللة). The Saudi Ghirsh is 5 Halalas.
Saudi Arabia's population as of the April 2010 Census was 27, 136,
977: 18, 707, 576 Saudi nationals and 8, 429, 401 non-nationals.
Until the 1960s, most of the population was nomadic or seminomadic; due
to rapid economic and urban growth, more than 95% of the population now
Riyadh is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia. It is also
the capital of Riyadh Province, and belongs to the historical regions of
Nejd and Al-Yamama.