Owing to its distance from
the open sea and position on the southeastern portion of the European
continent, Romania has a climate that is transitional between temperate
and continental, with four distinct seasons.
The official language of
Romania is Romanian, a Romance language related to Italian, French,
Spanish, Portuguese, Occitan, and Catalan. Romanian is spoken as a first
language by 91% of the population.
The Romanian leu (plural "lei"), often denoted by RON, is the national
currency of Romania. Subdivided into 100 bani (singular "ban"), the leu
was established in 1880 after the National Bank of Romania was founded.
population of Romania in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 22,
334, 000, which placed it as number 49 in population among the 193
nations of the world. In that year approximately 14% of the population
was over 65 years of age, with another 18% of the population under 15
years of age.
Bucharest is the capital city, cultural, industrial, and financial
centre of Romania. It is the largest city in Romania, located in the
southeast of the country.